LNG is a liquefied form of Natural Gas, formed when it is cooled to -162⁰ C at the atmospheric pressure of 15 bars (sea level pressure).
Its important characteristics are:
LNG is the cleanest burning fossil fuel as it emits less pollutants as compared to coal, fuel oil, diesel, petrol, etc. and other commonly used fuels.
Compared to other fuels having similar burning & environmental friendly characteristics, LNG is far superior in terms of its calorific to volume ratio, meaning it takes far lesser space for storage and is not expensive on real-estate requirement.
On account of its smaller form factor compared to other fuels having same calorific content, LNG is the most economical fuel in its class to transport. LNG can be transported economically over longer range of distances.
LNG is not explosive or flammable in liquid state and is the safest fuel during its transportation. Further, as it is lighter than air, in case of any leakages, the non-toxic gas simply vaporises and is therefore far less susceptible to an explosion or any other hazardous incident.
LNG is available from multiple overseas suppliers from various parts of the world, thereby eliminating the risks of supply deficit or supply interruption.